The Utah House of Representatives is comprised of 75 men and women elected to two-year terms. The Utah Legislature is a part-time citizen legislature that meets yearly beginning on the fourth Monday in January and adjourns “sine die” 45 calendar days later (not including President’s Day in February). This is referred to as the General Session.
Once the legislative session adjourns, representatives return home to their regular occupation and live under the laws they created.
A Special Sessions are called by the Governor and may last a maximum of 30 days.
The House Chamber, located on the west end of the third floor, occupies the largest space in the State Capitol.
National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) refers to Utah as a “Gold Legislature” (part-time, low pay, small staff).
Qualifications to become a member of the Utah House are set forth in the Utah Constitution, Article VI, Section 5:
On the first day of the beginning of each term (two years), the House members elect a presiding officer, known as the Speaker of the House. Current Speaker of the House Greg Hughes, R – District 51, who was selected by his colleagues to serve a second term from 2017-18 in November of 2016.
Every ten years, state governments redraw district boundaries using data from the federal census. Article IX, Section 1 of the Utah Constitution states: “No later than the annual general session next following the Legislature’s receipt of the results of an enumeration made by the authority of the United States, the Legislature shall divide the state into congressional, legislative, and other districts accordingly.”
Redistricting allows legislatures to shift boundaries to accommodate for population shifts and varying growth rates in the state. The ideal population for the 75 House districts based on data from the 2010 Census will be 36,852.